What is chmoding a file? 

Chmod is a simple term used on the Internet. It's short for change the mode of a file. When you change the mode of a file (chmod a file), it tells the server what you want done to that file. You can change a file to make that file only readable, only writeable, only executable or all of those. 

How do I chmod a file/directory? 

To chmod a file in WS_FTP you have to first log on to your HyperMart FTP Account. Then select the file or directory that you wish to chmod, right click and select: "Chmod (UNIX)". All of the buttons clicked would be a chmod 777. A chmod 774 would be all of Owner and Group selected and only read selected in Other. A chmod 644 would be Read and Write selected for Owner, and read selected for Group and Other.

So what is owner/group/other? Owner is you, the FTP user. Group would only matter if a service offered Telnet. And Other is the average user, i.e.. the world. 

How do I tell what the chmod of a file is? 

At a service like Hypermart you can you can go into the directory where the file is located and click "DirInfo". This will show a screen that looks like this: 

-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp   user   6675   Jul 23 01:10 file1.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp   user   4818   Jul 24 03:12 file2.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp   user   5905   Jul 22 23:21 image1.gif
-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp   user   14449  Jul 22 23:37 image2.gif
-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp   user   3554   Jul 24 03:12 image3.gif

On the left, you can tell the chmod permissions by using this chart: 

     file (-), or directory (d)
      |read (owner)
      |  | write (owner)
      |  |  | execution (owner)
      |  |  |  | read (group)
      |  |  |  |  | write (group)
      |  |  |  |  |  | execution (group)
      |  |  |  |  |  |  | read (other)
      |  |  |  |  |  |  |  | write (other)
      |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  | execution (other)
      |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
      -  r  w  -  r  -  -  r  -  -

The 1 means that there was one user logged in to that FTP account. FTP means that it was an FTP user that uploaded the file. It's the same for user. Then you see numbers, which represent the file size. The date is the last time the file was edited (uploaded). And then you see the filename.